Foot and ankle surgery is a sub-specialty of orthopedics that deals with the treatment, diagnosis and prevention of disorders of the foot and ankle.
Surgery is considered to be a last option when more conservative approaches fail to alleviate symptoms.
Techniques such as ankle deformalities, arthrodesis (or fusion of joint spaces) for inflammatory processes, and surgical reconstruction (i.e. invasive measures of manipulating neuromusculoskeletal structures) to treat other deformaliti
Physical therapy, NSAIDs, DMARDs may act as a compliment to surgical intervention, and in most cases will be required for optimal recovery.